Every person and every relationship deserves to be rooted in love and respect.
Of lesbian women are physically abused by an intimate partner.
Of bisexual women are physically abused by an intimate partner.
Of gay men are physically abused by an intimate partner.
Of transgender people have experienced sexual violence.
LGBTQIA is an abbreviation for:
- queer or questioning;
Lesbian and gay are terms for people who experience sexual attraction to partners of the same gender. Bisexual is a term for people who may experience attraction to partners of multiple genders. These terms describe sexual orientations or sexual identities.
Transgender or “trans” people have gender identities that in some way do not match the sex they were assigned at birth. This can include people who are: nonbinary (do not identify with either “man” or “woman”), gender nonconforming (do not identify with any gender), or other gender identities that do not fit a binary (man/woman) definition. A person does not have to have gender confirmation surgery or take gender-specific hormones to be transgender. Being transgender does not necessarily mean someone is also lesbian, gay, bisexual, or queer. Trans people may identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or queer, or may identify as heterosexual or asexual.
A cisgender or “cis” person is someone whose gender identity matches the sex they were assigned at birth. Generally, someone born with a penis is assigned “male” or “boy” at birth, while someone born with a vagina is assigned “female” or “girl” at birth. A cis person is someone whose identity matches this assignment.
Queer is an umbrella term that may refer to both sexual identity and gender identity. Someone may refer to their sexual orientation or attraction to people of many genders as being queer. Someone who is queer may also be gender nonconforming, nonbinary, or genderqueer, which may mean they do not identify as any one gender, they identify as multiple genders, or their gender expression falls outside any one category.
Intersex is a general term used to refer to someone who is born with reproductive or sexual body parts that don’t seem to fit the typical definition of “male” or “female.” For instance, an intersex person may have a penis, but also have a uterus or ovaries, or be born with genitals that are not clearly defined as a penis or vagina.
Asexual describes someone who does not experience sexual attraction or desire for anyone of any sex or gender.
The rate of domestic violence and statistics about abuse within the LGBTQIA community are difficult to determine because of the high number of unreported cases. An LGBTQIA person may be less likely to report an assault or get help out of fear that they will be blamed for the assault because of their sexual orientation or gender identity by friends, family, or officials.
In addition to equal or even higher rates of domestic violence occurring in the LGBTQIA community compared to the cisgender and heterosexual community, LGBTQIA people face barriers to leaving abusive relationships that cisgender and heterosexual victims often do not. Domestic violence is most commonly thought of as something that happens to cis women and is committed by cis men. Therefore, most services are geared towards helping cisgender heterosexual women, which can make LGBTQIA victims feel isolated and misunderstood.
Fear of isolation or ostracization from your family or community, stemming from their prejudice from access support and services. ostracization. Abusive partners may use isolation to increase your dependence on them or limit your ability to access support. If you haven’t come out publicly yet or belong to a religious community, traditional family, or oppressive home environment, fear of what will happen when you reveal your identity might prevent you from seeking help. Abusive partners may try to exert power and control over your life by insulting you based on your insecurities, refusing to respect your pronouns or chosen name, attempting to shame you over how you choose to have sex or threatening to out you to others. Depending on your social circumstances, a small or tight-knit LGBTQIA community could make you feel increasingly isolated if you fear no one will support you because your abuser is well-liked.